Smoking sidelines your sphincter

The first paper I wrote, used a radiological technique to demonstrate how smoking might induce indigestion and gastric ulcers by causing reflux of bile into the stomach. It was reported in the Daily Telegraph. I thought such media coverage was normal but it didn’t happen again for another ten years.

  1. Read, N.W. and Grech, P. (1973) Effect of cigarette smoking on competence of the pylorus: preliminary study. Br. Med. J. 3: 313-316.